Properties and Uses of Chlorine-Basic . Chlorine is a gas found in the halogen group and it has a number of interesting properties and uses. High concentrations of chlorine gas can be fatal. Enjoy a wide range of chlorine facts for kids. Chlorine is used in the production of a wide range of products including organic and inorganic chemicals, as well as in direct application for uses such as drinking water treatment. Chlorine gas is produced via the electrolysis of a sodium chloride solution, which yields a caustic soda known as sodium hydroxide along with hydrogen gas. The Facts About Chlorine Technical Information. It is heavier than air. Uses of Chlorine. Chlorine chemistry helps keep drinking water and swimming pools safe. It is prepared commercially by passing electricity through a water solution of sodium chloride or through molten sodium chloride. In its liquid and solid form it is a powerful bleaching, oxidizing and disinfecting agent. Highly concentrated chlorine gas in a flask. Preparation properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid. Its density is 3.214 grams per cubic centimeter. Just In Time Disaster Training Library – http://www.jitdt.org This video is part of the Just In Time Disaster Training Library. Read on to for many more interesting chlorine facts. Molecules containing chlorine have been responsible for ozone depletion. We elaborate the uses of chlorine and atomic properties with characteristics. Compounds of chlorine. The total amount of chlorine which is used up in reactions with compounds and destroying pathogens in the water is known as the chlorine demand. Characteristics and Properties Under standard conditions chlorine is a gas that forms diatomic molecules. It has a pungent smell and inhaling it causes suffocation. Group 7 elements form salts when they react with metals. Properties: Chlorine has a melting point of -100.98°C, boiling point of -34.6°C, density of 3.214 g/l, specific gravity of 1.56 (-33.6°C), with a valence of 1, 3, 5, or 7.Chlorine is a member of the halogen group of elements and directly combines with almost all of the other elements. 17 on the Periodic Table of Elements, has multiple applications. Chlorine gas is prepared industrially by the electrolysis of sodium chloride solutions. Chemical properties. Natural chlorine is a mixture of two stable isotopes: chlorine-35 (75.53 percent) and chlorine-37 (24.47 percent). Chlorine is also used for the manufacture of chlorates and it is important in organic chemistry, forming compounds such as chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, polyvinyl chloride, and synthetic rubber. Chlorine occurs in nature mainly as common salt (NaCl), carnallite [ KMgCl 2.6(H 2 0) ], and sylvite (KCl). Brenntag North America is a top chlorine gas distributor for industrial and manufacturing applications. Uses & Benefits. Chlorine Facts. Chlorine gas has many physical and chemical properties, including: Its atomic number is 17. Chlorine gas is greenish yellow, has a very strong odor (it smells like bleach), and is poisonous to humans. This means that in any naturally occurring sample of chlorine 75% of the atoms are Cl-35 atoms and 25% of the atoms are chlorine-37 atoms. Chlorine Properties in Brief: Chlorine is a member of the halogen family of elements, which also has iodine, bromine, and fluorine to its credit.The atomic number of chlorine is 17 and its symbol is ‘Cl’. Chlorine. The second-lightest of the halogens, it appears between fluorine and bromine in the periodic table and its properties are mostly intermediate between them. Chlorine. Chlorine … Chemical properties of chlorine - definition. Chlorine exists as chlorides in seawater, salt lakes and brine deposits. ClF 3 is also used in nuclear reactor fuel processing. Its symbol is Cl and it belongs to the group of halogens and its usual state in nature is gaseous. Learn more about chlorine's use as a water purification product in swimming pools and use in many consumer products such as bleaches. Here are some of the common uses of chlorine in the world today. 1. It’s melting point is -101.5 ° C. It has a strong smell like bleach. The main difference between chloroform and chlorine is that chloroform exists as a liquid at room temperature and has a heavy, ether-like odor and a sweet taste whereas chlorine exists as a yellowy-green gas and has a chocking smell. Physical properties of chlorine - definition It is greenish yellow gas with pungent and suffocating odour. It … Note to reader: This fact sheet is intended to provide general awareness and education on a specific chemical agent. Large amounts of chlorine are used in many industrial processes, such as in the production of paper products, plastics, dyes, textiles, medicines, … Properties . ), hence, you can easily find this in your kitchen. Over 200 years ago, a young Swedish researcher, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, discovered chlorine. Chlorine is a chemical element with the symbol Cl and the atomic number 17. The term ‘halogen’ means 'salt former'. Example: Chlorine has two isotopes 35 Cl and 37 Cl, with relative abundance of 75% and 25% respectively. Each of the above reactions uses up the chlorine in the water and produces either chloride ions or hydrochloric acid, which have no disinfecting properties. It is about 2.5 times heavier than air. Chlorine is a greenish-yellow chemical element with an atomic number 17. Chlorine chemistry helps keep families healthy and improves our environment:. What is Chloroform – Definition, Chemical Properties, Production, Uses 2. One of the common applications of this polymer is non-stick coating in kitchen cookware (pans, baking trays etc. Chlorine is commonly used as an antiseptic and is used to make drinking water safe and to treat swimming pools. Chlorine Trifluoride is … Chloramines are part of the group of chlorine compounds that have disinfectant properties and show up as part of chlorine residue test. Chlorine gas has numerous uses in our everyday lives. The Sumitomo Chemical Chlorine Production Process Aiming at an environmentally friendly process, Sum-itomo Chemical developed a fixed bed process, which as a catalytic oxidation method, uses a RuO 2/rutile-type TiO catalyst.10) Since the RuO2/TiO2 (rutile) catalyst has a higher activity than conventional catalysts and a sufficient re- Because of its reactivity and bonding characteristics, chlorine has become an essential chemical building block, leading to a myriad of materials that are used to make the products we use every day for public health, safety, nutrition, security, transportation, lifestyle and high-tech innovation. Its atomic weight is 35.453. Chlorine is the 2 nd lightest element in the halogen group of the periodic table with an atomic mass of 35. Chlorine Properties. It is essen-tial that all equipment, piping and valves be properly cleaned and dried for chlorine service before introducing any chlorine into the system. These reactions are called chlorine demand. chlorine gas uses and properties Description Chlorine gas is known as a greenish-yellow gas when it is at room temperature, weighs 2.5 times more air, and converts to a liquid state at -34 ° C. Uses of Chlorine. Chlorine, bromine and iodine are the three common Group 7 elements. Uses Of Chlorine Trifluoride Chlorine Trifluoride is mainly used as a component in plasma-less cleaning and etching operations. Chlorine is the non-metallic chemical element of atomic number 17, symbol Cl, atomic weight 35.45, melting point – 149.8 ° F (– 101 ° C), and boiling point – 29.02 ° F(– 33.9 ° C). Chlorine is used for producing safe drinking water. Water. Properties and uses of chlorine. History of chlorine. It can be liquefied easily into greenish yellow liquid which boils at 239 K. Chlorine, element No. Chlorine is highly reactive. Resources. It is toxic. Properties And Uses Of Chlorine Because it is so reactive, chlorine is never found alone-chemically uncombined—in nature. Under the normal conditions, it gaseous and is heavier than the air. Chlorine is a chemical element with the symbol Cl and atomic number 17. Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. Download PDF for free. It consists of two stable isotopes, of mass numbers 35 and 37. It has an atomic mass of 35.453 g.mol-1 and a density of 3.2 g/L. Chlorine gas is a greenish yellow. Chlorine uses and applications. Chlorine often imparts many desired properties in an organic compound when it is substituted for hydrogen (synthetic rubber), so it is widely use in organic chemistry, in the production of chlorates, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, and in the bromine extraction. Properties and Uses of Chlorine Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. To convert uranium into gaseous hexafluoride uranium, Chlorine Trifluoride is used. Note: Chlorine was used during World War I as a choking or pulmonary agent. Chlorine: Its Manufacture, Properties and Uses Issue 154 of American Chemical Society. Chlorine is used (generally a particular compound of chlorine) to kill bacteria in drinking water and swimming pools. This means that two chlorine atoms join together to form Cl 2. The Chloride ion is present in the body fluids of higher animals and as hydrochloric acid in the digestive secretions of the stomach. Polytetrafluoroethylene or PTFE is the commonly used versatile, high-performance fluoropolymer made up for carbon and fluorine atoms. It acts as a reducing agent present in wastewater. Chlorine will react violently with many different chemicals and materials. The reaction is as below.H 2 O + Cl 2 → HCl + HClO ; Uses of Chlorine gas – Cl 2 Chlorine will react with many metals, especially at elevated temperatures. 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