Minty, fruity, floral, and spicy fragrances are released readily when their leaves are rubbed or bruised. Members of the Geranium family are familiar to Finns in the wild, but one genus, Pelargonium, is very common as a pot plant in Finnish homes. geranium, common name for some members of the Geraniaceae, a family of herbs and small shrubs of temperate and subtropical regions. The Plant List includes a further 378 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Geranium. Whether it’s a classic style, an indoor option or one prized for its leaves, geraniums delight the senses each spring and summer. It can grow up to 60 inches in height and does best in temperate regions. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Geranylgeranyl Protein Transferase Type I, Geranylgeranyl Protein Transferase Type II. Both geraniums and pelargonims belong to the family Geraniaceae which comprises 830 species including five genera under the form of herbs or subshrubs. Pelargoniums (280 species) have asymmetrical flowers with 7 stamens. Geranium solanderi and allies in New Zealand. Further, many cultivars and varieties exist, many with similar variety names to other species. A few species are even reliably drought tolerant in normal summer conditions. It is the winner of several international flower awards. The scientific name of Geranium is the botanical name or formal name. Some do incredibly well in sunny borders while others prefer woodland settings. Protologue Cultivar-group name proposed in PROSEA 19: Essential-oil plants (1999). (2) Sometimes plants of the genus Pelargonium, which also belong to the family Geraniaceae, are called geraniums. How to Cite, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species. Choice succulent and caudiciform plants are found in the genera Pelargonium and Monsonia (Sarcocaulon), with both summer and winter growers.Monsonia flowers have 15 stamens.. Advertisement: Geranium maderense Yeo 1969 (Madeira cranesbill) Name: from Madeira This is the largest species of Geranium with purple woody … Gray – nohoanu, manyflower geranium : Species: Geranium nepalense Sweet Species: Geranium oreganum Howell – Oregon geranium : Species: Geranium palmatum Cav. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Meadow cranesbill (G. pratense) and wood cranesbill (G. sylvaticum) are common on the edge of forests, in meadows, brushwood, and light forests; G. palustre, in herbaceous swamps; and small-flowered cranesbill (G. pusilium), as a weed. Some make fabulous weed-choking ground covers while others are well suited to … Species: Geranium sp. This genus is rare in cultivation and in southern Africa species are commonly viewed as weeds. Cooper) H.G. The genus Geranium contains more than 420 plant species, which are also known as cranesbill or hardy geranium (to distinguish them from Pelargonium species). Geranium atropurpureum. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. ex Willd. Species: Geranium maderense Yeo – Madiera cranesbill : Species: Geranium molle L. – awnless geranium, dovefoot geranium : Species: Geranium multiflorum A. DOI: 10.1080/0028825X.1984.10425239 Reference page. The cranesbill/storksbill common name is earned because the seed pods somewhat resemble the bills of … The status of the 1,216 species names for the genus Geranium recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The status of the 1,594 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Geranium recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The confidence with which the status of the 1,216 species names recorded in The Plant List for the genus Geranium, are assigned as follows: The source of the species name record found in The Plant List for the genus Geranium, are as follows: © The Plant List 2010 — Geranium in Spanish can be different from Geranium in English. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89: 326–361. Govaerts, R. et al. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. New Zealand Journal of Botany 22(1): 127–134. Baker subspecies Geranium robertianum subsp. Geranium is also the botanical name and common name of a separate genus of related plants, also known as cranesbills. The Plants Database includes the following 44 species of Geranium . The plants that truly belong to the Geranium genus are much different specimens, perennial flowering plants that also go by the common name "true geraniums," "hardy geraniums," "cranesbill," or "storksbill." Geranium is derived from the Greek word geranos, which means crane. – Canary Island geranium The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Bicknell's cranesbill. 2020. Hawai'i red cranesbill. The genus Geranium was originally described by Linnaeus in 1753 but was then divided into Pelargonium and Geranium by Charles L’Héritier in 1789, and many species from both genera have retained the name ‘geranium’ in their vernacular names. Geranium arboreum. 1984. 2009. The most important genera include Geranium (430 species), Pelargonium (280 species) and Erodium (80 species). The genus Geranium L. in the south western Pacific area. BHL Reference page. Members of this family contain significant quantities of tannic, ellagic, and gallic acids, making them quite astringent. Published on the internet. A couple of species are grown in gardens and are available commercially. Blooming continuously (if deadheaded), the luminous blossoms are reported to withstand wind, rain and heat better than most. There are approximately 400 species that are found everywhere but chiefly in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there are more than 50 species. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The Plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Geranium. The leaves are lobed or dissected and have stipules. The Plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus … Terms and Conditions — across (10-12 cm). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The scientific name of Regal Geranium is the botanical name or formal name. They are perennial, less frequently annual, herbaceous plants. Although perennial, it often acts as a biennial, producing pretty magenta pink blooms in its second year. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Geranium, 'Geranos', Mixed Hardy Species Cranesbill We are pleased to offer once again this mix and decided to retain its name - geranos is the Greek word for Crane, the bird whose beak inspired the name, both English and Latin, for these plants. If you want to grow geraniums outdoors only, be sure to get hardy geraniums. celticum Ostenf. Every type of pelargonium will need brought indoors for over-wintering. (70 feral Pelargonium species have been recognized). It is a perennial herbaceous plant growing to 60 cm (2 ft) tall, producing upright, usually unbranched stems and flowers in spring to early summer. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species interaction. Of these 411 are accepted species names. Pelargonium / ˌ p ɛ l ɑːr ˈ ɡ oʊ n i ə m / is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. The name botanists use for true geranium species is cranesbills. Geranium latum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Only Erodium and Geranium are native to North America. 2020. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Geranium+(genus). Some species of Geranium are cultivated as ornamentals. The common P. 'Graveolens' or P. 'Rosat' has great importance in the perfume industry. Accessed: 2020 July 16. Family Geraniaceae Chromos… Pelargonium 'Americana Red' (Zonal Geranium) Pelargonium 'Americana Red' (Zonal Geranium) is a bushy, evergreen, tender perennial with huge clusters of bright scarlet-red, semi-double flowers, up to 4-5 in. There is a hardy geranium to suit most garden situations. ... 162 results for SPECIES: Geranium antrorsum robertianum L. Geranium robertianum, commonly known as herb-Robert, red robin, death come quickly, storksbill, fox geranium, stinking Bob, squinter-pip (Shropshire), crow's foot, or (in North America) Roberts geranium, is a common species of cranesbill native to Europe and parts of Asia, North America, and North Africa. Geranium bicknellii. The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in several species, including P. abrotanifolium, P. capitatum, P. citrosum, P. crispum, P. graveolens, and P. odoratissimum. : 2n = 88 (octoploid). Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. subspecies Geranium robertianum subsp. International Plant Names Index. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Both the true species and the cultivated plant may be called rose geranium – pelargoniums are often called geraniums, as they fall within the plant family Geraniaceae, and were previously classified in the same genus. Geraniums are a plant that almost no gardener can resist. Narrow lobes (G.S.Lorimer 1771) | Pale-flower Crane's-bill Date: 2005-10-15 State: Victoria Data resource: Victorian Biodiversity Atlas Basis of record: Human observation Catalogue number: 2650981.00 View record Reference page. The roots are especially acidic. According to the Prota(Plant Resources of Tropical Africa), the rose scented geraniums have been categorized as Pelargonium Rosat Group: Cultivar-group The Prota database also listed the two as synonyms for one another: Pelargonium graveolens L’Hér. Two or three species of Erodium are common weeds in the fields of California. maritimum (T.H. The blossoms are regular and pentamerous; there are ten stamens; the ovary is superior and consists of five rostrate carpels. Geranium obtusisepalum: Sepals acute to acuminate; seeds black, with coarse pits; plants hirsute; widespread species Back to 12: Geranium solanderi: 14: Petals 13–15 mm long; peduncle and pedicel together c. 8 cm long: Geranium neglectum: Petals 3.5–6 mm long; peduncle and pedicel together less than 5 cm long Back to 12: 15: 15 Monsonia is yet another genus in the geranium family. Maculatum, the species name, means mottled and refers to the dark greenish- brown leaves which are rather mottled. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Both genera belong to the family Geraniaceae. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species interaction. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The common name of this plant in Spanish is geranio regia. Although there are more than 200 species, only a few are cultivated for the production of geranium essential oil, and these include P. graveolens (rose-scented geranium), P. roseum, P. odoratissimum, P. capita tum, and P. radula. Worldwide, there are 11 genera and 780 species. Erodium is another genus in the geranium family. Synonym: Pelargonium asperumEhrh. Geranium maderense “Giant Herb-Robert Geranium.” Also known as the Madeira Cranesbill, this flower has deeply divided, fern-like leaves and pink flowers set atop stems that are deep red in color. A genus of plants in the family Geraniaceae characterized by regular flowers, and glands alternating with the petals. Gardner, R.O. Some types of hardy geraniums can withstand frosty conditions. The genus Geranium is in the family Geraniaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Geranium species Geranium robertianum subspecies Geranium robertianum subsp. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 July 16. ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. Gardner, R.O. Noteworthy Characteristics. ... 403 results for SPECIES: Geranium molle Identification. You should refer instead to the current version of The Plant List. Geranium maderense is the largest of the geranium species, reaching a lofty 1.5m in height. The genus name, from the Greek word geranos, meaning crane, and the common name of cranesbill both refer to the long narrow fruits, which somewhat resemble a cranes long beak. Domestic geraniums are from the genera Monsonia and Pelargonium. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Although perennial, it often acts as a biennial, producing pretty magenta pink blooms in its second year. Learn about the four main types here. Identification. 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