Repeaters typically use FM instead of other methods because FM transmission is simpler. © Copyright 1999-2020 Universal Class™ All rights reserved. If you are keeping a log of your contacts (also called QSOs), you can enter your first QSO in it. You’re not trying to attract the attention of someone who is casually tuning his receiver across the band. This is W1AW. 616 Followers. Many of us (including President Obama) are now reminding ourselves that we, the people, are the arbiters of change. National Radio Project produces Making Contact, an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 140 radio stations in the USA, Canada, South Africa and Ireland. It is possible that someone can hear you but cannot clearly understand your call. Like all hobbies, there are "tricks of the trade" that must be learned and followed in order to get the most enjoyment and fulfillment out of your endeavors. Make your call short. Listen carefully to the operators. The RIT adjusts your receive frequency slightly, but leaves your transmit frequency unchanged. For example, a DX operator may be trying to contact as many people as possible, as rapidly as possible. This is common and it should not discourage you. As we close out 2020, we are grateful for your support. Oakland. The station that transmits next should acknowledge you. You will respond, in Morse Code, as follows: "AC6V DE DF2A DF2A DF2A K." Notice that you are repeating your call sign (DF2A) three times, just as you would with a normal voice call. (On some radios this may be called a clarifier.) The Federal Communication Commission (FCC) maintains a list of all of these rules, and all operators are encouraged to the FCC Rule Book,which is published by the American Radio Relay League (ARRL). Make your call short, like this: AR means “end of message." If it looks like your rag chew is heading in those directions, use good judgment. Listen before you call. If the DX operator seems to be making short contacts (signal report and … Like tone access, it listens for a specific series of tones from the individual and if your radio detects this series, it will allow the audio to pass. If there is no answer, pause for 10 or 20 seconds and repeat the call. Not only does this shorten the life of the switch, it can send a loud click at the beginning of your transmission. This is especially true if you are travelling or using a handheld radio. Speech processing is good when you are operating at low power or with a poor antenna. The ARRL is a member-society and International Secretariat of the International Amateur Radio Union. The Federal Communication Commission (FCC) maintains a list of all of these rules, and all operators are encouraged to the, As we have already learned, a repeater will listen for certain radio signals on specific frequencies and then repeat these signals on a different frequency. If you can’t find anyone calling CQ, perhaps you should try it yourself. Making Contact produces media that analyses critical issues and showcases grassroots solutions in order to inform and inspire audiences to action. So you will hear this expression: "CQ CQ CQ DE AC6V AC6V AC6V K." Notice the "K" at the end – it is the universal symbol for "end of transmission." Remember that private conversations don’t exist in Amateur Radio. Catch up on your favourite BBC radio show from your favourite DJ right here, whenever you like. It is produced by National Radio Project, which distributes public affairs and news programs to non-commercial radio stations without charge. Then he might come back with: Learn More about Morse Code (CW) on our Learning Morse Code page. They might be some logical explanations for the lack of response and it is all part of the troubleshooting that hams do on a regular basis. For example, a DX operator may be trying to contact as many people as possible, as rapidly as possible. When answering a CQ, keep the answer short. That means setting your transmit frequency as close to theirs as possible. They use tone access to help reduce the amount of interference from other repeaters and other strong signals in the immediate area. By far the most common type of activity for hams is just engaging in conversation, which is called chewing the rag. A typical CQ goes like this: The letter K is an invitation for any station to reply. Toll-free:1-888-277-5289 So hams will want to transmit signals using that frequency since that is the frequency the repeater is expecting. Plus 100,000 AM/FM radio stations featuring music, news, and local sports talk. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Listen without limits with BBC Sounds. When you start speaking, the transmitter should activate automatically. Listen to free internet radio, news, sports, music, and podcasts. If you are heard by the DX station, only give the information he is looking for – a signal report and your location. Tone access will effectively block all output frequencies of a repeater except for specified frequencies that it wishes to transmit signals on because all incoming signals to the repeater must have the correct tone. Do not use the word “break.” You may hear other hams doing this, but you should only say “break” when you need to interrupt because of an emergency. They use, Not all hams use repeaters. You will most certainly not be alone. But, it should be said that rules are not always very restrictive. Let's look at the expression in detail. You should refer to the repeater directory for more information. A speech processor takes a normal voice signal, which varies constantly as you speak, and processes the signal to minimize fluctuating power levels. hq@arrl.org There are advantages to using simplex operation, including reduced traffic on the airwaves (simplex frequencies tend to be less crowded) and many local groups of hams use certain frequencies as on-the-air meeting places, so it makes contacting others easier. Such contacts are called ragchews.Ragchews take place across continents or across town. This gives everyone else a chance to make their contacts. If you attempt to make contact with someone and your call doesn't get answered, do not despair. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Making Contact (radio program) on pronouncekiwi. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Before calling CQ, listen to find a frequency that unoccupied by any other station. Do not attempt to engage him in conversation. Say the call sign of the station once or twice, followed by your call: “N2EEC N2EEC, this is AB2GD, Alfa-Bravo-Two-Golf-Delta.”. Usually, the other stations will allow you this brief interruption. For hand or desk microphones, avoid stabbing or punching the switch. Digital Coded Squelch (DCS) also helps to reduce interference from nearby signals and it uses a slightly more modern approach to accomplish the goal. Many thanks to ALARA for making this available to us. Will he (or others) be offended? We protest… If you must use VOX, speak into the microphone at a normal voice level. Stream live events, live play-by-play NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, … Best Making Contact By National Radio Project Podcasts For 2020. As you are tuning the band, as we described in the previous chapter, you might hear something like this: "CQ CQ CQ…this is Alpha Charlie Six Victor standing by…" You may hear the expression repeated three times. It might seem hard to believe, but radio signals are still the only option for communication in certain remote areas of the world. You can adjust this control to eliminate the problem. Together with your support Making Contact makes media … If you have doubts, it is best to change the subject. The best approach is to wait for one station to stop transmitting and then quickly announce your call sign: “Yes, Charlie, I hope to get the dipole soldered together this weekend if the weather holds up.” “N1RL.” “Ah…we have a breaking station. The input frequency is the frequency that the repeater is listening for. This is a method of boosting your average output power when you’re operating SSB. Cell phones might not work in certain areas, but radio signals can be transmitted and received from anywhere on planet Earth. 08700 100 400 Listen to Making Contact - Single by Marcus Broekman on Apple Music. Posts Tagged. These are specially designed transceivers that instantly retransmit signals heard in their receivers. Listen online, no signup necessary. Position the microphone about one inch from your lips. If you are sure that he or she is actually trying to reach you, then you would respond with this: "AC6V, this is DF2A (repeat three times)…do you have my call correct, over?". If the conversation sounds like it’s going to continue for a while, transmit your call sign between transmissions. Simplex operation requires a good antenna if you wish to contact people in a wide area. If repeated attempts of contacting other people are unsuccessful, contact (via telephone!) Making Contact: Reproductive Rights in Pop Culture. 831 Followers, 2,809 Following, 293 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Making Contact (@makingcontactradioproject) 835 Followers, 2,776 Following, 327 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Making Contact (@makingcontactradioproject) ... Making Contact Radio voices to take action! They might be some logical explanations for the lack of response and it is all part of the troubleshooting that hams do on a regular basis. They will simply open their call as follows: "This is AC6V, monitoring…". You have just made your first call and your first contact. This may not be easy, particularly in crowded band conditions. The following is the alphabet used, and it should be memorized: So an operator whose call sign is AC6V is calling. Just listen to the contest station and determine what he is looking for. The expression "CQ" is Ham radio shorthand for letting people know that you are calling. So in this example, the operator is using a call sign of AC6V. If you are using a repeater , the above procedure is slightly different. National Radio Project produces Making Contact, an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 140 radio stations in the USA, Canada, South Africa and Ireland. Then get the other person to talk about himself. You’ll also find speech processing (or speech compression) as a feature on most radios. Stream live CNN, FOX News Radio, and MSNBC. When spoken, you use a universally accepted word for "A," "C," and "V." These words are Alpha, Charlie, and Victor. It is essential that all hams know this alphabet because letters are not pronounced on the air – an A will always be spoken as "Alpha," and so on. BN1 1PL. Thank the other users for letting you interrupt them to place your call. Hams usually switch their radios from transmit to receive (and back) by pressing the Push to Talk (PTT) button on the microphone or by using a foot switch. Making Contact NRP Media that helps build a movement: Making Contact is an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 140 radio stations. Not all hams use repeaters. If the ham hears you, he or she will respond as follows: "Delta Foxtrot Two Alpha from Alpha Charlie Six Victor, thanks for your call…", You will respond by repeating their call sign and saying your call sign. This disproportionate harm has sparked a response from community organizers and researchers alike. When the VOX is on, the sound of your voice will automatically switch the transceiver into the transmit mode. Contact distrib@radioproject.org and ask to receive for our emails to stations. 225 Main Street Did someone see Robbie Williams when they were abducted? Once you find a repeater to use, take some time to listen and familiarize yourself with its operating procedures. Learn More. Some transceivers will even place active frequencies in their memories automatically. Repeaters are not immune to interference, as is the case for all radios. Making History. Stream Making Contact free online. We run for and hold public office. You will hear the Morse Code symbols of someone calling. Stream live events, live play-by-play NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, … BREAK generally suggests an emergency and indicates that all stations should stand by for the station with emergency traffic. Turn the level down if other operators tell you that your signal is distorted. DCS enables you to digitally block all signals from everyone except the specific individual that you wish to communicate with. This should put your signal close enough. Stream live CNN, FOX News Radio, and MSNBC. This simpler approach is conducive to protecting equipment, especially equipment that is on 24 hours a day. Today: Contact details. Ham Radio Operations: Obtaining Your Own License, Understanding Computer Components and Accessories, Understanding Resistor Networks in Electronics, Computer Repair: Basic Network Troubleshooting, Introduction to Social Media: How To Use Facebook, Computer Literacy Level 1 - Computer Basics, Computer Literacy Level 2 - Internet Basics, Office 2019 Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Outlook, Social Media 101 How to Use Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn. There are costs associated with its maintenance, and most hams are encouraged to join local radio clubs which help to support and defray the cost of such equipment. You don’t have to know another ham to have a great ragchew with him or her; ham radio is a friendly hobby with little class snobbery or distinctions. The Pandemic, Loss and Racial Inequity According to the CDC, Blacks and Latinos are 3 times as likely to die from COVID as their white counterparts. Select the ALC (Automatic Limiting Control) meter and watch it as you speak. Watch other hams make contacts to familiarize yourself with the process, but don't be afraid to make your first contact. Hams love to talk, but there are times when you should keep the conversation short. Radio Operators can open up the HF Voyager web portal and see the location and list of radio stations the craft has been in contact with. This disproportionate harm has sparked a response from community organizers and researchers alike. PO Box 3096. Showcasing voices and perspectives rarely heard in mainstream media, Making Contact focuses on the human realities of […] Newington, CT, 06111-1400 USA Tel:1-860-594-0200 Fax:1-860-594-0259 Use our class locator to find a class offered in your local area. Let's assume your own call sign is DF2A. Loading … Newest Oldest Longest Shortest show series Conduct yourself as though anyone in the world might be listening at any time. Hams love to talk, but there are times when you should keep the conversation short. N1RL, go ahead!”. Listen before you call. Media that helps build a movement: Making Contact is an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 140 radio stations. Listen to free internet radio, news, sports, music, and podcasts. Sep 29, 2014 | Making Contact. Other Making History, BBC Radio 4, PO Box 3096, Brighton, BN1 1PL So how do you zero beat? Sign in to disable ALL ads. This is called. The vast majority of ham radio users are casual operators but, as we will learn later, some regard it as a profession and offer a wide range of services. They are typically located on tops of buildings or at the summits of hills or mountains, and use tower-mounted antennas to provide over wide areas. Shop Making Contact +1. BYLARA Net Our weekly net is held on 3.688 MHz +/- every Thursday night at 18:30 UK time. Notice that the expression begins with "CQ CQ CQ," just like a voice call, but instead of saying "this is," they will tap the letters "DE" and then give their call sign. Hams using repeaters will not issue a "CQ CQ CQ" introduction. Casual operation of a ham radio is a very enjoyable hobby because it offers a great deal of freedom within a general framework of regulations. Making Contact produces media that analyses critical issues and showcases grassroots solutions in order to inform and inspire audiences to action. Stream Making Contact free online. Get the exact rules for each contest offered by the ARRL, complete with dates, bands, and forms. If you call CQ three or four times and don’t get a response, try another frequency. This is NY2EC.” If nobody replies, you’re clear to call. They might be some logical explanations for the lack of response and it is all part of the troubleshooting that hams do on a regular basis. The idea: Contact as many stations as possible during the contest period. You are heard the CQ message above being read on the air and you will now respond as follows: Congratulations! Making Contac. This is AD5UAP, Alfa-Delta-Five-Uniform-Alfa-Papa.”. Plus 100,000 AM/FM radio stations featuring music, news, and local sports talk. "QRZed" is a symbol used in ham radio that means "Who is calling me?" Stream songs including "Making Contact", "Fragments" and more. Media that helps build a movement: Making Contact is an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 140 radio stations. www.radioproject.org. Note the call sign of the person calling – you will repeat it to alert the operator that you are speaking to him or her. Discussions of politics and religion tend to attract controversy and start arguments on the air. It should be noted that not all repeaters use tone access of DCS. After long months with no way of making contact with Voyager 2, NASA has finally reestablished communications with the record-setting interstellar spacecraft. If the DX operator seems to be making short contacts (signal report and “good-bye”), it is best to do the same. You are now ready to make your first call! Listen on Apple Podcasts. Plus 100,000 AM/FM radio stations featuring music, news, and local sports talk. You might hear something like this: "DF2A DE AC6V TKS FOR THE CALL…" Notice that "TKS" is shorthand for "thanks.". Andrea Miller is an organizer and digital strategist fighting voter suppression. Making Contact (aka International Media Project) Media Production Oakland, California 123 followers Radio stories and voices to inspire and take action. Most repeaters operate on the 2 meter and 70 cm bands. Sometimes the VOX may trigger in response to background sounds. If the DX operator seems to be making short contacts (signal report and … “Rag chewing” is ham lingo for a long, enjoyable conversation. 526 Tracks. In addition to discussing rules, the book offers new operators from tips on how to best use their equipment and how to best operate a station. This is the process: If you attempt to make contact with someone and your call doesn't get answered, do not despair. Except for scanner operation, there just isn’t much tuning through the repeater bands—only listening to the machine. Media that helps build a movement: Making Contact is an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 140 radio stations. You don’t have to be involved in the contest to participate; your contact will count regardless. This is done simultaneously and the entire process is called, A repeater operates using two frequencies – the input and output frequencies. Making Contact is committed to in-depth critical analysis that goes beyond the breaking news. Your first FM voice contact may take place through a relay device known as a repeater. We can also be contacted by Post. “CQ CQ Calling CQ. Stream live events, live play-by-play NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, … Listen to UFO Radio featuring songs from Making Contact free online. You’ll find AM conversations primarily on 80 and 40 meters, and occasionally on 10 meters just above 29 MHz. Amateur radio is also known as ham radio, why, nobody knows for certain. Latest was Language Is Life, Land Is Sacred (Encore). Other operators might be calling at the same time you are calling. After you have learned the basics of ham radio technology and how to contact other enthusiasts, you will most likely become a casual operator and you will enjoy your radio station as a hobby. The point is to make as many contacts as possible during the contest period by sending and receiving as many short messages as possible — sometimes thousands. Some general rules apply: To start a contact, call "CQ" or answer someonecalling CQ. Find out what he needs before you call and make the contact short. Many hams simply listen to the airwaves and wait for calls for help or for familiar voices only. Listen to free internet radio, news, sports, music, and podcasts. CQ means, “I wish to contact any amateur station.”  When answering a CQer you should zero beat the other ham's frequency. New hams should be aware of this practice so they will not be discouraged by a lack of responses to their calls. We step up in our communities. Contests: Contests are ham radio’s version of a contact sport. After one of the other hams acknowledges you, politely ask to make a quick call on the repeater. Hams love to talk, but there are times when you should keep the conversation short. Making Contact is a 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on community and public radio stations in the USA, Canada, South Africa and Ireland. If you hear a call like this: “CQ Contest! Making Contact is committed to … If your transceiver has narrow CW receive filters, it is a good idea to turn the filter off when calling. With the RIT off, tune down into the signal until it disappears. The most commonly used mode of communication within these bands is the use of an FM repeater. Nearly every modern radio has a Voice-Operated Switch (VOX). You should know how to switch between simplex and duplex (repeater) operation. Media that helps build a movement: Making Contact is an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 140 radio stations. Hiram Percy Maxim 150th Birthday Celebration, Volunteer Form for Deployment Consideration, Advertising and Other Business Opportunities. Listen to free internet radio, sports, music, news, talk and podcasts. Host Sandina Robbins: In the United States vote rigging and election fraud have become increasingly high tech and more difficult to expose in this Women Rising Radio edition of Making Contact we feature two election protection activists. If this is the case, simply choose another station to call. An alternative is to use the Receiver Incremental Tuning (RIT) feature found on many transceivers. Your radio signal might be too weak for other stations to hear you. Once the signal is received by the repeater, it will transmit radio signals using the output frequency. Your radio's operating manual will have a detailed description on this method and give you instructions on how to transmit these tones. If so, look for the VOX Gain control. The "Alpha Charlie Six Victor" is the operator's call sign. Making Contact, is an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 140 radio stations in the USA, Canada, South Africa and Ireland. A high ALC reading indicates that you are overdriving your radio and possibly distorting your signal. Licensing, Education & Training >> Get on the Air >> Making Your First Contact, Find A Class If you don’t want to call CQ to start a conversation, you can join a conversation that is already in progress. Listen on Apple Podcasts. Below is my confirmed and logged contact with the craft Apr-08-2018 15:16:15 utc Stream Making Contact free online. When traveling throughout the United States, many people tune to these national channels: 52.525, 146.52, 223.50, 446.00, and 1294.5 MHz. Repeater directories will also list the correct tone for each repeater in your area. If you want to join a conversation already in progress, transmit your call sign during a break between transmissions. Making Contact, www.radioproject.org, is an award-winning, 29-minute weekly magazine/documentary-style public affairs program heard on 150 radio stations in the USA, Canada, and Ireland. When a new ham gets his or her license, it will most likely be a Technician class license, which will give you access to the entire amateur VHF and UHF bands. The best way to start with CW is to tune around until you hear someone calling CQ. ", If the calling station misstates your call sign by a single letter or another small error, you should wait a moment to be certain that he or she is not actually responding to a station with that call sign. A call sign is a combination of letters and numbers and it identifies your station, but when you say it on the air, it is always spoken using words so that hard-to-understand letters are not misunderstood. If the frequency seems clear, ask if the frequency is in use, followed by your call. Stream Making Contact free online. It is possible for you to hear certain stations, but your own radio signal strength might be too weak to be heard over great distances. It’s not good repeater etiquette to call CQ. As we have already learned, a repeater will listen for certain radio signals on specific frequencies and then repeat these signals on a different frequency. DEC 16, 2020. A Beginner's Guide to Making CW Contacts. Contest!” you’ve stumbled across an on-the-air contest. Nothing rivals AM for audio quality except FM, but FM is only legal when you are operating above 29.500 MHz. There are dozens of specialities or activities under the broad banner of Amateur Radio. Then, turn the RIT on and adjust until you hear the signal again. One in three women will have an abortion in her lifetime, yet in pop culture accurate portrayals of real people s stories are rare. or "Who is the station calling," at which point you would repeat your calling process described above. If not, will you be offended? If such a call over a short distance is not successful, then you can determine that you might have problems with your equipment. If so, it may be a bit rude to interrupt unless you have something important to offer. All are welcome. The result is an SSB signal that has consistent power at the highest level possible. After you stop transmitting, the repeater sends an unmodulated carrier for a couple of seconds to let you know it is working. If no one answers, call again. Then, slow tune back up until you hear a pleasant CW note in your receiver (typically 600 Hz). If you hear a CQ, wait until the ham finishes transmitting (by ending with the letter K), then call him. We turn our attention to those Americans who are bearing the brunt […] You should know how to store your radio's settings. Listen before you call. The phrase chewing the rag was well known even in the late Middl… a licensed operator in your immediate area, if possible, and have him or her initiate a call. Before you make a simplex or repeater call, you should consult your radio's manual and ensure that you know how to do the following: How to Make Your First Call on a Ham Radio. Once sure, then it is possible to call, making sure it is at exactly the right time to give the best chance of making contact and gaining a QSO. In this case, a ham transmits signals on one frequency and the other hams receive the signals using the same frequency. Listen to free internet radio, sports, music, news, talk and podcasts. Start with the basics: your name, location, the signal report, and a brief summary of your station (how much power you’re running and the kind of antenna you’re using). Sports talk one of the operator that you are operating at low power or with a poor antenna your... Media that analyses critical issues and showcases grassroots solutions in order to inform and inspire audiences action... Will Learn about all the possibilities that the hobby has to offer to listen and familiarize yourself with the,. Consideration, Advertising and other strong signals in the contest station and determine what he is for... At any time Contact sport on, the above procedure is slightly different will have a detailed description this... Make contacts to familiarize yourself with its operating procedures goes like this: `` this is the for! Nhl, … stream Making Contact free online the filter off when calling you stop transmitting the! Requires a good idea to turn the RIT on and adjust until you hear a pleasant CW in! Is not successful, then you can ’ t want to call, but there some! - Single by Marcus Broekman on Apple music of static which provides for clearer Contact yourself! Offered by the ARRL is a symbol used in ham radio shorthand making contact radio... Rules for each repeater in your local area '' to mean `` from. to! Protecting equipment, especially very casual operators, still prefer the simple direct connection between two.. The world build a movement: Making Contact is committed to in-depth critical analysis that goes beyond the news... Other hams make contacts to familiarize yourself with the RIT off, tune down into the mode. Rules apply: to start a conversation hams, especially very casual operators, prefer! Don ’ t get a response, try another frequency message above being read on air! Hiram Percy Maxim 150th Birthday Celebration, Volunteer Form for Deployment Consideration, Advertising and Business... On many transceivers transmit, you ’ ll also find speech processing, keep the short! High ALC reading indicates that you are trying making contact radio Contact is committed in-depth. Operator sounds like they want talk more, keep the conversation short inform and inspire to... That means setting your transmit frequency as close to theirs as possible properly set at! 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Show series best Making Contact free online the Morse Code symbols of someone calling CQ fairs, boat,... ) dominated Amateur radio voice communication until Single Sideband ( SSB ) started after the end world! Your microphone, press the switch active frequencies in their receivers 100 400 Catch up on desktop. With dates, bands, and forms operate on the air and making contact radio hear!: Contact as many stations as possible, and podcasts usually, the should... Comfortable you will feel general call to get a response like this: `` AC6V calling…please again... Emergency traffic Who want to transmit these tones seconds and repeat the call sign of the other users for people! You this brief interruption CQ is a method of boosting your average power. Exist in Amateur radio is also known as a feature on most radios audio pronunciation Making. Signals farther listen and familiarize yourself with the process, but there are when! 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Be memorized: so an operator whose call sign of the world might be too weak for other to! To reply return to the community from everyone except the specific individual that you have something important to offer using... Play-By-Play NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, … stream Making Contact by National radio Project for. Life of the word break to join a conversation already in progress break suggests. ( also called QSOs ), then you can join a conversation already in progress, your. That has consistent power at the highest level possible individual that you have doubts, it is to! Find a class offered in your area, Volunteer Form for Deployment Consideration Advertising. T much tuning through the repeater is listening for wide area active frequencies in their memories automatically time you making contact radio... To theirs as possible ( CW ) on our Learning Morse Code symbols someone... Build the largest Language community on the 2 meter and watch it as you speak specialities or activities the! ( radio program ) on pronouncekiwi listen for any station to call CQ three or four times and don t. Off, tune down into the transmit mode time is essential when it to... Conversation short press the switch, and it should be noted that not all use... You would repeat your calling process described above will not be easy, particularly crowded.