ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. Evaluating the use of excessive force by the police tends to be much more difficult than other forms of misconduct, such as profit motivated corruption. Police Use of Force The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical discussion of police use of force specifically in relation to how much force should be allowed. More than 2,000 people were injured, and over 1,000 buildings were destroyed by fire (Wood 2002). At the very least, Muir’s typology provides a useful taxonomy for efficiently describing certain officer characteristics that are easily recognized – i.e., enforcer. Other studies demonstrate the negative effects of CEWs on the people’s health that include ExDS and cardiac arrest. New York: W.W. Norton & Company 42 U.S.C. } The researchers interviewed 60 mentally ill people that experienced police interventions. This siege mentality, the Commission argued, led officers to view their relationship with the community at large as adversarial (the “us vs. them” perspective) and appeared to legitimize the excessive use of force by police against suspects in an environment that all but guaranteed immunity from accountability (Skolnick and Fyfe 1993). You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. Body-worn cameras (BWCs) have received extensive attention as a potential key reform. Essays.io ️ Los Angeles Police Department, Research Paper Example from students accepted to Harvard, Stanford, and other elite schools This research paper on Police Force in Interactions with Mentally Ill was written and submitted by your fellow student. In the first article, the authors scrutinize the cases of interactions between the police and people with mental illness (Livingston et al., 2014). The fact that a shock lasting 5 seconds can cause ventricular fibrillation was proved by data analysis. Law Soc Rev 37:513–547, Terrill W (2001) Police coercion. One witness after another has recounted instances in which, in their opinion, the police have used excessive force or have been disrespectful and abusive in their language or manner (Governor’s Commission 1965, p. 40). 629; GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper … Such are the conditions that most often allow officers to engage in abuse of authority – including excessive force – with little fear of recourse (e.g., Kane 2002; Kubrin and Weitzer 2003). In 2016, the Police Executive Research Forum, a national organization of police officials, issued recommendations on use of force that provide a “guardian” model for policing. This report is a good summary of use of force research from several perspectives, including citizen complaints. In economically disadvantaged, and “extremely” economically disadvantaged, communities, police misconduct (including violence) led to subsequent increases in violent crime. In the case Tennessee v. Garner (1985), the Supreme Court abolished the common law custom that had historically allowed police officers to use deadly force against fleeing suspects who posed no threat to life. Police Brutality In the recent years, the problem of police brutality and excessive use of force has been on the rise especially in the United States. “Police officers should use only the amount of force necessary to control an incident, effective arrest, or protect themselves or others from harm or death.” (National Institute of Justice) Unfortunately, at times there are some police officers have felt that they are above this rule and have used excessive force in unnecessary situations. However, various incidents involving the use of CEWs demonstrate that a certain connection might be found. Templates, such as Muir’s (1977) extortionate transaction model, Van Maanen’s (1978) “asshole” perspective, Herbert’s (1997) identification of workgroup “normative orders,” and Skolnick and Fyfe’s (1993) elaboration of the “siege” mentality, show that police brutality may be influenced at every level of a police officer’s contextual occupational life. The writer is providing an overview of the topic and its most important points. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Currently, these prevention strategies are rooted in the areas of recruitment and training, as well as the proper supervision of officers in the field. In: Danver SL (ed) Revolts, protests, demonstrations, and rebellions in American history, vol 3. They studied the visions of the participants with mental illness on procedural justice relating to their contacts with the police. Police Brutality - This is a topic suggestion on Police Brutality from Paper Masters. The authors stated that “the deployment of TASER weapons has more than doubled in England and Wales, from 3500 in 2009 to 14500 in 2010” (Zipes, 2014, p. 109). Once they complete their field training programs, police officers may continue to practice good policing and the protection of life in both patrol and specialized settings. S. Criminal Justice Criminal justice research paper topics can be browsed here or order a custom written thesis statement in literature review criminology project from Paper Masters. Until measures such as these are implemented, however, the excessive use of force by individual police officers is unlikely to come to an end. For his failure to submit to police authority in ways that satisfied the five LAPD officers at the scene, King was “Tazed” once, struck with police batons 56 times (several of which were blows to the head), and kicked six times by officers (Independent Commission 1991). However, such tools might worsen the symptoms of mentally ill people. One method by which to accomplish the process of communicating the department’s value system is via the field training officers (FTOs). Waveland, Prospect Heights, pp 194–213. This research paper considers these perspectives as occupational templates and describes the most important of these below. The authors emphasized the importance of the improvement of a procedural justice framework for officers that interact with mentally ill people. For example, officers regarded as professionals – and who usually conducted themselves appropriately during most police-citizen encounters – sometimes became enforcers during certain incidents. O’Brien, A. J., & Thom, K. (2014). This method allows gathering relevant data in order to conduct a thorough analysis of the issue. This paper explores racial differences in police use of force. It may be that Muir’s findings hold primarily for postindustrial port cities with large urban African-American populations that live predominantly in poverty conditions, socially isolated from the larger urban matrix. However, TASER chest shots were banned. Criminology 36:343–369, Hochstedler E (1981) Testing types: a review and test of police types. Unlike corruption that is motivated by profit – which is generally impermissible by its very nature – excessive use of force often resides at the marginal end of the acceptable use of force continuum. In this work, the authors demonstrated the results of community-based participatory research. Understandably, however, the police claim that excessive force is em-ployed less often than observers or citizens report.8 The targets of police abuse are almost always lower class males, and the most com- TASER is a popular brand of a convenient electroshock device. The injured became unconscious right after they got an electric shock. During this formative period in a police officer’s career, FTOs can help new officers interpret street encounters in ways that allow them to learn and practice good policing through the metaphorical lenses of a protection of life mandate. For example, in a study of police misconduct in New York City police precincts, Kane (2002) found that the traditional antecedents of social disorganization – particularly, structural disadvantage – predicted increased rates of careerending police misconduct. At what point did the appropriate use of force by the police become excessive? Although the NYPD over that time period may not have systematically recruited persons with diverse characteristics or personal histories, the results of bringing diverse pools of recruits into policing are clear: Organizational misconduct declines. J Crim Justice 7:309–323, Fyfe J (1986) The split-second syndrome and other determinants of police violence. Several leading scholars have developed frameworks to explain why the excessive use of force occurs and how it may foster in some police departments. The writer is not to take a stance, either for or against deadly force. Other studies show that CEWs are widely used by police officers during law-enforcement activities. It is also likely that people who experience physical abuse at the hands of police may suffer emotional trauma. Yale University Press, New Haven, pp 94–112, Tyler T (1990) Why people obey the law. In their study of retaliatory homicide in St. Louis, Kubrin and Weitzer found that certain types of homicides predicted subsequent homicides in the form of retaliation, suggesting that, had the initial homicide been stopped, the net reduction in many cases would have been two, given that the retaliatory homicide also would have been negated. Not focused specifically on improving use of force positions on certain issues, such tools cause! 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